ETHIOOIA GEOGRAPHY

 

Location:

Eastern Africa, west of Somalia

 

Geographic coordinates:

8 00 N, 38 00 E

 

Map references:

Africa

 

Area:

total: 1,104,300 sq km

country comparison to the world: 27

land: 1 million sq km

water: 104,300 sq km

 

Area - comparative

slightly less than twice the size of Texas

 

Land boundaries:

total: 5,328 km

border countries: Djibouti 349 km, Eritrea 912 km, Kenya 861 km, Somalia 1,600 km, Sudan 1,606 km

 

Coastline:

0 km (landlocked)

 

Maritime claims:

none (landlocked)

 

Climate

 

Current Weather

tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation  

Terrain:

high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley

 

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Danakil Depression -125 m

highest point: Ras Dejen 4,533 m

 

Natural resources

small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower

 

Land use

arable land: 10.01%

permanent crops: 0.65%

other: 89.34% (2005)

 

Irrigated land

2,900 sq km (2003) Total renewable water resources:

110 cu km (1987)

 

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):

total: 5.56 cu km/yr (6%/0%/94%)

per capita: 72 cu m/yr (2002)

 

Natural hazards

geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts

volcanism: Ethiopia experiences volcanic activity in the Great Rift Valley; Erta Ale (elev. 613 m, 2,011 ft), which has caused frequent lava flows in recent years, is the country's most active volcano; Dabbahu became active in 2005, causing evacuations; other historically active volcanoes include Alayta, Dalaffilla, Dallol, Dama Ali, Fentale, Kone, Manda Hararo, and Manda-Inakir

 

Environment - current issues: deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water shortages in some areas from water-intensive farming and poor management

 

Environment - international agreements

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea

 

Geography - note:

landlocked - entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost with the de jure independence of Eritrea on 24 May 1993; the Blue Nile, the chief headstream of the Nile by water volume, rises in T'ana Hayk (Lake Tana) in northwest Ethiopia; three major crops are believed to have originated in Ethiopia: coffee, grain sorghum, and castor bean

<div style="background-color: none transparent;"> <a href="http://www.rsspump.com/?web_widget/rss_ticker/news_widget" title="News Widget">News Widget</a> </div>
BlogPingR.de - Blog Ping-Dienst, Blogmonitor

I heart FeedBurner

Add to Google Reader or Homepage

Powered by FeedBurner

Add to Google
Add to Google