Do

30

Dez

2010

ETHIOPIA PEOPIE

ETHIOPIA PEOPIE   

Population:

88,013,491

country comparison to the world: 14

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2010 est.)

 

Age structure:

0-14 years: 46.1% (male 19,596,784/female 19,688,887)

15-64 years: 51.2% (male 21,376,495/female 22,304,812)

65 years and over: 2.7% (male 975,923/female 1,294,437) (2010 est.)

 

Median age

total: 16.8 years

male: 16.5 years

female: 17.2 years (2010 est.)

 

Population growth rate:

3.202% (2010 est.)

country comparison to the world: 7

 

 

Birth rate

43.34 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)

country comparison to the world: 6

 

Death rate:

11.29 deaths/1,000 population (July 2010 est.)

country comparison to the world: 39

 

Net migration rate:

-0.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population

country comparison to the world: 119

note: repatriation of Ethiopian refugees residing in Sudan is expected to continue for several years; some Sudanese, Somali, and Eritrean refugees, who fled to Ethiopia from the fighting or famine in their own countries, continue to return to their homes (2010 est.)

 

Urbanization:

urban population: 17% of total population (2008)

rate of urbanization: 4.3% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

 

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female

total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2010 est.)

 

Infant mortality rate:

total: 78.99 deaths/1,000 live births

country comparison to the world: 16

male: 90.08 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 67.56 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est.)

 

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 55.8 years

country comparison to the world: 196

male: 53.28 years

female: 58.39 years (2010 est.)

 

Total fertility rate:

6.07 children born/woman (2010 est.)

country comparison to the world: 8

 

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

2.1% (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 31

 

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

980,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 12

 

HIV/AIDS - deaths

67,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 11

 

Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: high

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever

vectorborne diseases: malaria

respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis

animal contact disease: rabies

water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2009)

 

Nationality

noun: Ethiopian(s)

adjective: Ethiopian

 

Ethnic groups:

Oromo 34.5%, Amara 26.9%, Somalie 6.2%, Tigraway 6.1%, Sidama 4%, Guragie 2.5%, Welaita 2.3%, Hadiya 1.7%, Affar 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, other 11.3% (2007 Census)

 

 

Religions:

Orthodox 43.5%, Muslim 33.9%, Protestant 18.6%, traditional 2.6%, Catholic 0.7%, other 0.7% (2007 Census)

 

Languages:

Amarigna (Amharic) (official) 32.7%, Oromigna (official regional) 31.6%, Tigrigna (official regional) 6.1%, Somaligna 6%, Guaragigna 3.5%, Sidamigna 3.5%, Hadiyigna 1.7%, other 14.8%, English (official) (major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (official) (1994 census

 

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 42.7%

male: 50.3%

female: 35.1% (2003 est.)

 

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 8 years

male: 9 years

female: 8 years (2008)

 

Education expenditures:

5.5% of GDP (2007)

country comparison to the world: 44

 

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